Weekly Reading 3

Complexity as Practice

  • Genetic algorithms enables real-time performance and improvisation.
  • Davis’ first piece swarm was a stepping stone to complete aesthetic elimination
  • He later became interested in Peter Cariani’s concept of epistemically autonomous machines which were designed go above and beyond the intention of the designer. It restructures its world information.
  • Davis was interested in the employment of the environmental context.
  • In Cross-Pollination two voicing devices connected created a feedback loop, creating complexity as the sound was reactionary to it’s environment.
  • Intentional stance, coined by Daniel Dennett, means interactivity has a direct social relationship with the agents.

What is complexity?

  • Complexity can be to or more parts connected in a way that is difficult to separate.
  • Distinction and connection are two aspects of complex systems. Where distinction involves variety connection involves constraint. Complex systems cannot exit without the two
  • Based on proximity, and other issues, complexity is more parents when distinction and connection increase.
  • The increase is differentiation, which is an increase in number of connections.

Emergence

  • Based on various interactions, complex systems and patterns arrive out of emergence
  • Emergence in behavior and property appears when agents utilize their environment to form more complex behavior.
  • Emergence in nature appears in he form of sand dunes, rocks, plants and other forms of nature.
  • Emergence of living biological systems such as humans creates even more complexity; humanity.
  • Other examples is the internet, cities, economics, and life in general
  • The self organization process evolves through with new complex systems in a minimal environment.
  • It is governed by an internal variation process called noise.
  • It becomes more distinct about what state the system is in as a result from constraint, redundancy or information.
  • It is associated with non-linear phenomenon more so than simplistic processes.
  • Natural selection is then created through the interplay of positive and negative feedback loops.
  • It emerges out of local interactions between once was a disorderly system.

Metacreation – Mitchell Whitelaw

  • Emergence refers to something extra or unanticipated. Although often made from components that are common place, they are still complex and exhibit unpredictable behavior.
  • Philosopher John Stuart Mill in A System of Logic is seen as the first formal treatment of emergence.
  • Downward causation – A macrostructure, can change the functions of its microcomputers; making living and nonliving fundamentally different in a living whole.
  • Shared notion of emergence: Local level-driven by formal rules and global-appear as a pattern in time or space.
  • A-life systems, causal in giving rise to artifacts and events, give birth to something new and extra.
  • Computing causality of is immediate; inputs and outputs, whereas a-life systems complexity is apparent
  • All computers systems simulations exhibit a finite-state automata.

Self-organization

  • The self organization process evolves through with new complex systems in a minimal environment.
  • It is governed by an internal variation process called noise.
  • It becomes more distinct about what state the system is in as a result from constraint, redundancy or information.
  • It is associated with non-linear phenomenon more so than simplistic processes.
  • Natural selection is then created through the interplay of positive and negative feedback loops.
  • It emerges out of local interactions between once was a disorderly system.

The Darwin Machine: Artificial Life and Interactive Art

  • Alife include: Computational Biologists, Builders of procedural systems, Subsumption and `bottom up’ roboticists, builders of autonomous digital agents and Wet Alifers.
  • Alifers Tapping into biodiversity.
  • The Darwin machine, essentially perceives the internet as a central nervous system, based off evolutionary and anatomical synopses.
  • Paradigm Busters Include: Sensitive Dependence. Fractality, Entropy and Self-Organization. Emergence and Reductivism. Emergence and Reductivism.
  • Although many believe Interactive work is conversations, This seems to not be the case entirely buy a capsule for cultural act.

The Aesthetics of systems intelligence – J . W . Burnham

  • Aesthetics of intelligent systems may considered an exchange in dialogue of information.
  • Distrust in machines through the years has hindered the idea of machines as art in itself rather than a means to make art.
  • With the advent of growing information processing systems, communication between machine and humans, and therefore art and humans is becoming more apparent.
  • Simply put, art is anthropomorphized because humans create and interpret it.
  • Art, traditionally has been a one-way process involving the audience to experience the work.  Perhaps, with machines we will stray away from this closed system to created a user defined experience where the audience dictates the art.
  • Burnham discusses an outdoors installation of machine sculptures and it’s framed border – a wired fence.  He raises the issue of traditional art, perhaps being limited by it’s tradition itself chained to its pedestals and picture frames.
  • Environments are intelligent.
  • Artificial intelligence, with the use of sensors and input devices can potentially reorganize their environments.
  •  Burnham believes computers will radically reorganize social values.

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